Title: Design and stabilisation of a high area iron molybdate surface for the selective oxidation of methanol to formaldehyde

Authors (5): S. Chapman, C. Brookes, M. Bowker, E. K. Gibson, P. P. Wells

Themes: Design (2016), BAG (2016)

DOI: 10.1039/c5fd00153f

Citations: 8

Pub type: article-journal

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)



Publication date(s): 2016 (online)

Pages: 115-129

Volume: 188 Issue:

Journal: Faraday Discussions

Link: http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlepdf/2016/FD/C5FD00153F

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C5FD00153F

The performance of Mo-enriched, bulk ferric molybdate, employed commercially for the industrially important reaction of the selective oxidation of methanol to formaldehyde, is limited by a low surface area, typically 5–8 m2 g−1. Recent advances in the understanding of the iron molybdate catalyst have focused on the study of MoOx@Fe2O3 (MoOx shell, Fe2O3 core) systems, where only a few overlayers of Mo are present on the surface. This method of preparing MoOx@Fe2O3 catalysts was shown to support an iron molybdate surface of higher surface area than the industrially-favoured bulk phase. In this research, a MoOx@Fe2O3 catalyst of even higher surface area was stabilised by modifying a haematite support containing 5 wt% Al dopant. The addition of Al was an important factor for stabilising the haematite surface area and resulted in an iron molybdate surface area of ∼35 m2 g−1, around a 5 fold increase on the bulk catalyst. XPS confirmed Mo surface-enrichment, whilst Mo XANES resolved an amorphous MoOx surface monolayer supported on a sublayer of Fe2(MoO4)3 that became increasingly extensive with initial Mo surface loading. The high surface area MoOx@Fe2O3 catalyst proved amenable to bulk characterisation techniques; contributions from Fe2(MoO4)3 were detectable by Raman, XAFS, ATR-IR and XRD spectroscopies. The temperature-programmed pulsed flow reaction of methanol showed that this novel, high surface area catalyst (3ML-HSA) outperformed the undoped analogue (3ML-ISA), and a peak yield of 94% formaldehyde was obtained at ∼40 °C below that for the bulk Fe2(MoO4)3 phase. This work demonstrates how core–shell, multi-component oxides offer new routes for improving catalytic performance and understanding catalytic activity.

There are no objects associated to this publication