Title: Toughening CO2‐Derived Copolymer Elastomers Through Ionomer Networking

Authors (5): K. C. Poon, G. L. Gregory, G. S. Sulley, F. Vidal, C. K. Williams

Themes: Circular Economy (2023)

DOI: 10.1002/adma.202302825

Citations: 10

Pub type: journal-article

Publisher: Wiley

Issue: 36

License: [{"start"=>{"date-parts"=>[[2023, 7, 23]], "date-time"=>"2023-07-23T00:00:00Z", "timestamp"=>1690070400000}, "content-version"=>"vor", "delay-in-days"=>0, "URL"=>"http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/"}]

Publication date(s): 2023/09/23 (online)


Volume: 35 Issue: 36

Journal: Advanced Materials

Link: [{"URL"=>"https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/adma.202302825", "content-type"=>"unspecified", "content-version"=>"vor", "intended-application"=>"similarity-checking"}]

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.202302825

AbstractUtilizing carbon dioxide (CO2) to make polycarbonates through the ring‐opening copolymerization (ROCOP) of CO2 and epoxides valorizes and recycles CO2 and reduces pollution in polymer manufacturing. Recent developments in catalysis provide access to polycarbonates with well‐defined structures and allow for copolymerization with biomass‐derived monomers; however, the resulting material properties are underinvestigated. Here, new types of CO2‐derived thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) are described together with a generally applicable method to augment tensile mechanical strength and Young's modulus without requiring material re‐design. These TPEs combine high glass transition temperature (Tg) amorphous blocks comprising CO2‐derived poly(carbonates) (A‐block), with low Tg poly(ε‐decalactone), from castor oil, (B‐block) in ABA structures. The poly(carbonate) blocks are selectively functionalized with metal‐carboxylates where the metals are Na(I), Mg(II), Ca(II), Zn(II) and Al(III). The colorless polymers, featuring <1 wt% metal, show tunable thermal (Tg), and mechanical (elongation at break, elasticity, creep‐resistance) properties. The best elastomers show >50‐fold higher Young's modulus and 21‐times greater tensile strength, without compromise to elastic recovery, compared with the starting block polymers. They have wide operating temperatures (−20 to 200 °C), high creep‐resistance and yet remain recyclable. In the future, these materials may substitute high‐volume petrochemical elastomers and be utilized in high‐growth fields like medicine, robotics, and electronics.

Name Description Publised
adma202302825-sup-0001-SuppMat.pdf Supporting Information for Adv. Mater., DOI 10.1002/adma.202302825... 2023